Original 1977 No. 1 Israel STAR WARS Comics CHAYKIN Roy Thomas LUKASFILM Hebrew
It took the Hebrew publishers almost 10 years to obtain the rights and in 1986 this fascinating HEBREW EDITION was published in ISRAEL in the HEBREW language , Being read and printed from right to left (Being actualy a mirror image of the original English version). Around 7 x 10.5.
Unused but suffers from slight shelf wear. One tiny pen (Price change) writing at top of front cover. Bottom and top spine slightly detached. (Pls look at scan for accurate AS IS images) Will be sent inside a protective tube. Will be sent inside a protective tube.Star Wars (later retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope) is a 1977 American epic[discuss] space opera film written and directed by George Lucas. The first installment of the original Star Wars trilogy, it stars Mark Hamill, Harrison Ford, Carrie Fisher, Peter Cushing and Alec Guinness. David Prowse, Anthony Daniels, Kenny Baker and Peter Mayhew co-star in supporting roles. The plot focuses on the Rebel Alliance, led by Princess Leia (Fisher), and its attempt to destroy the Galactic Empire's space station, the Death Star. This conflict disrupts the isolated life of ambitious farmhand Luke Skywalker (Hamill) when he inadvertently acquires a pair of droids that possess stolen architectural plans for the Death Star. After the Empire begins a destructive search for the missing droids, Skywalker agrees to accompany Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi (Guinness) on a mission to return the Death Star plans to the Rebel Alliance and save the galaxy from the tyranny of the Galactic Empire. Lucas began writing the script to Star Wars after completing his 1973 comedy-drama American Graffiti. He based the plot outline on the 1936 Flash Gordon serials and the 1958 Akira Kurosawa film The Hidden Fortress. After United Artists and Universal Pictures rejected Lucas' script, Alan Ladd, Jr. Of 20th Century Fox accepted it and agreed to finance and distribute the film. Shot mostly in Tunisia, England, and Guatemala, the film was met with numerous problems during production, including bad weather conditions, malfunctioning equipment, and financial difficulties. The script underwent numerous changes, and Lucas founded Industrial Light & Magic specifically to create the groundbreaking visual effects needed for the film. Star Wars was released theatrically in the United States on May 25, 1977. It surpassed Jaws (1975) to become the highest-grossing film of all time until E. When adjusted for inflation as of 2013, Star Wars was the second-highest-grossing film in the United States and Canada, and the third-highest-grossing film in the world. It received 10 Academy Award nominations (including Best Picture), winning seven. It was selected to become part of the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress in its first year of opening as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant"; at the time, it was the newest film to be selected, and it was the only film from the 1970s to be chosen.
The film's soundtrack was added to the United States National Recording Registry 15 years later. Today, it is often regarded as one of the greatest films of all time, and is also, alongside The Birth of a Nation and Citizen Kane,  considered by many to be one of the most important films in the history of motion pictures.Lucas has re-released Star Wars a number of times, incorporating many changes including modified computer-generated effects, altered dialogue, re-edited shots, remixed soundtracks, and added scenes. The film's massive success led to the production of two sequels: The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Return of the Jedi (1983), both of which became critically and commercially successful. A prequel trilogy was later released between 1999 and 2005; all three films were again commercially successful, but did not match the level of critical and fanatical acclaim of the original trilogy. In early 2014 a sequel trilogy began production with a majority of the cast members from the original trilogy returning for the seventh installment, The Force Awakens, which is scheduled for release on December 18, 2015.  Contents 1 Plot2 Cast3 Production 3.1 Development3.2 Writing3.3 Design3.4 Filming3.5 Post-production4 Soundtrack5 Cinematic and literary allusions6 Release 6.1 Premiere and initial release6.2 Later releases6.3 Home media7 Reception 7.1 Box office7.2 Critical response7.3 Accolades8 Legacy 8.1 In popular culture8.2 Cinematic influence8.3 Recognition9 Merchandising10 See also11 Footnotes12 References13 Further reading14 External links Plot The galaxy is in a civil war, and spies for the Rebel Alliance have stolen plans to the Galactic Empire's Death Star, a heavily armed and armored space station capable of destroying entire planets. Before she is captured Leia hides the plans in the memory of an astromech droid called R2-D2, along with a holographic recording. The droids are captured by Jawa traders, who sell the pair to moisture farmers Owen and Beru Lars and their nephew, Luke Skywalker. While he cleans R2-D2 Luke accidentally triggers the playing of part of Leia's recording, in which she requests help from Obi-Wan Kenobi. Luke wonders if she is referring to Ben Kenobi, a hermit who lives nearby; then he retires for the evening.
The next morning Luke finds R2-D2 searching for Obi-Wan, and meets Ben, who reveals himself to be Obi-Wan. Obi-Wan tells Luke of his days as a Jedi, who were a faction of former galactic peacekeepers with supernatural powers derived from an energy field called the Force, and who were conquered by the Empire.Contrary to his uncle's assertions, Luke learns that his father fought alongside Obi-Wan as a Jedi Knight before he was betrayed and killed by Vader, Obi-Wan's former pupil who turned to the dark side of the Force. Obi-Wan then offers Luke his father's lightsaber. Obi-Wan views Leia's complete message, in which she begs him to take the Death Star plans to her home planet of Alderaan and give them to her father for analysis. Obi-Wan invites Luke to accompany him to Alderaan and become a student of the Force. Luke initially declines, but, after discovering that Imperial stormtroopers searching for C-3PO and R2-D2 have destroyed his home and killed his aunt and uncle, changes his mind.
He chose to simply read it sincerely, and he was selected instead of William Katt, who was subsequently cast in the Brian De Palma-directed Carrie (Lucas shared a joint casting session with De Palma, a long-time friend of his). Instead, Lucas asked the actor to assist in the auditions by reading lines with the other actors and explaining the concepts and history behind the scenes that they were reading. Lucas was eventually won over by Ford's portrayal and cast him instead of Kurt Russell, Nick Nolte,  Sylvester Stallone,  Bill Murray,  Christopher Walken, Burt Reynolds, Jack Nicholson, Al Pacino, Steve Martin, Chevy Chase, Billy Dee Williams (who later played Lando Calrissian in the sequels), and Perry King (who later played Han Solo in the radio plays).  Carrie Fisher as Princess Leia: a member of the Imperial Senate and leader of the Rebel Alliance Many young actresses in Hollywood auditioned for the role of Princess Leia, including Amy Irving,  Terri Nunn, Cindy Williams,  and Jodie Foster. Foster turned down the role because she was already under contract with Disney and working on two films at the time.
 Carrie Fisher was cast under the condition that she lose 10 pounds for the role.  Peter Cushing as Grand Moff Tarkin: Governor of the Imperial Outland Regions and commander of the Death Star Lucas originally had Cushing in mind for the role of Obi-Wan Kenobi, but Lucas believed that "his lean features" would be better employed in the role of Grand Moff Tarkin instead. Lucas commended Cushing's performance, saying [He] is a very good actor.Adored and idolized by young people and by people who go to see a certain kind of movie. I feel he will be fondly remembered for the next 350 years at least. " Cushing, commenting on his role, joked: "I've often wondered what a'Grand Moff' was. It sounds like something that flew out of a cupboard.
 Before Guinness was cast, Japanese actor Toshiro Mifune (who starred in Akira Kurosawa's The Hidden Fortress) was considered for the role.  Guinness was one of the few cast members who believed that the film would be successful; he negotiated a deal for 2% of the one-fifth gross royalties paid to George Lucas, which made him quite wealthy in later life. He agreed to take the part of Kenobi on the condition that he would not have to do any publicity to promote the film.  Lucas credited him with inspiring the cast and crew to work harder, saying that Guinness contributed significantly to the completion of the filming. Harrison Ford said, It was, for me, fascinating to watch Alec Guinness. He was always prepared, always professional, always very kind to the other actors. He had a very clear head about how to serve the story.  David Prowse as Darth Vader (voiced by James Earl Jones): the second in command of the Galactic Empire, who hopes to destroy the Rebel Alliance Lucas originally intended for Orson Welles to voice Vader (after dismissing using Prowse's own voice due to his English West Country accent). After deciding that Welles' voice would be too recognizable, he cast the lesser-known James Earl Jones instead.  Anthony Daniels as C-3PO: a protocol droid who speaks over six million languages Daniels auditioned for and was cast as C-3PO; he has said that he wanted the role after he saw a Ralph McQuarrie drawing of the character and was struck by the vulnerability in the robot's face.  Initially, Lucas did not intend to use Daniels' voice for C-3PO. 30 well-established voice actors read for the voice of the droid. According to Daniels, one of the major voice actors, believed by some sources to be Stan Freberg, recommended Daniels' voice for the role.  Kenny Baker as R2-D2: an astromech droid who is carrying the Death Star plans and a secret message for Obi-Wan from Princess Leia While Lucas was filming in London, where additional casting took place, Baker, performing a musical comedy act with his acting partner Jack Purvis, learned that the film crew was looking for a small person to fit inside a robot suit and maneuver it; Baker, who is 3 feet 8 inches (1.12 m) tall, was cast immediately after meeting George Lucas. He said, He saw me come in and said'He'll do' because I was the smallest guy they'd seen up until then. He initially turned down the role three times, hesitant to appear in a film where his face would not be shown and hoping to continue the success of his comedy act, which had recently started to be televised.  Peter Mayhew as Chewbacca: a 200-year-old Wookiee, Han Solo's sidekick, and first mate of the Millennium Falcon Mayhew learned of a casting call for Star Wars, which was filming in London, and decided to audition.
He chose the former because he wanted to play a hero; British actor David Prowse took the other.  Mayhew modeled his performance of Chewbacca after the mannerisms of animals he saw at public zoos.  Other characters include: Owen and Beru, Luke's uncle and aunt, are portrayed by Phil Brown and Shelagh Fraser, respectively; Jack Purvis, Kenny Baker's partner in his London comedy act, appears as the Chief Jawa in the film; Eddie Byrne performs the role of General Vanden Willard, a general during the Galactic Civil War; actors Denis Lawson and Garrick Hagon were cast as rebel pilots Wedge Antilles and Biggs Darklighter (also Luke's childhood friend), respectively; and Don Henderson and Leslie Schofield play Imperial Generals Cassio Tagge and Moradmin Bast, respectively. Production Development George Lucas, the director and writer of Star Wars, shown here in 2007.He was unsuccessful in pitching his idea to several major Hollywood studios because it was "a little strange". Eventually, Lucas presented the treatment to 20th Century Fox, and the film was approved.  Elements of the history of Star Wars are commonly disputed, as George Lucas's statements about it have changed over time. [a 1] Lucas has said that it was early as 1971after he completed directing his first full-length feature, THX 1138that he first had an idea for a space fantasy film,  though he has also claimed to have had the idea long before then.  Originally, Lucas wanted to adapt the Flash Gordon space adventure comics and serials into his own films, having been fascinated by it since he was young. In 1979, he said, I especially loved the Flash Gordon serials... Of course I realize now how crude and badly done they were... Loving them that much when they were so awful, I began to wonder what would happen if they were done really well.  At the Cannes Film Festival in May following the completion of THX 1138, Lucas was granted a two-film development deal with United Artists; the two films were American Graffiti, and an untitled Flash Gordon-esque space fantasy film.  He said: I wanted to make a Flash Gordon movie, with all the trimmings, but I couldn't obtain the rights to the characters. So I began researching and went right back and found where Alex Raymond (who had done the original Flash Gordon comic strips in newspapers) had got his idea from. I discovered that he'd got his inspiration from the works of Edgar Rice Burroughs (author of Tarzan) and especially from his John Carter of Mars series books. I read through that series, then found that what had sparked Burroughs off was a science-fantasy called Gulliver on Mars, written by Edwin Arnold and published in 1905. That was the first story in this genre that I have been able to trace. Jules Verne had got pretty close, I suppose, but he never had a hero battling against space creatures or having adventures on another planet.
" Kurtz said, "Although Star Wars wasn't like that at all, it was just sort of lumped into that same kind of [science fiction] category.  There were also concerns regarding the project's potentially high budget. Lucas and Kurtz, in pitching the film, said that it would be low-budget, Roger Corman style, and the budget was never going to be more thanwell, originally we had proposed about 8 million, it ended up being about 10. Both of those figures are very low budget by Hollywood standards at the time. " After Walt Disney Productions rejected the project,  Lucas and Kurtz persisted in securing a studio to support the film because "other people had read it and said,'Yeah, it could be a good idea... Lucas pursued Alan Ladd, Jr. The head of 20th Century Fox, and in June 1973 completed a deal to write and direct the film. Although Ladd did not grasp the technical side of the project, he believed that Lucas was talented. Lucas later stated that Ladd invested in me, he did not invest in the movie.  Writing It's the flotsam and jetsam from the period when I was twelve years old. All the books and films and comics that I liked when I was a child. The plot is simplegood against eviland the film is designed to be all the fun things and fantasy things I remember.
 Lucas began researching the science fiction genre by watching films and reading books and comics.  His first script incorporated ideas from many new sources. The script would also introduce the concept of a Jedi Master father and his son, who trains to be a Jedi under his father's friend; this would ultimately form the basis for the film and, later, the trilogy.
However, in this draft, the father is a hero who is still alive at the start of the film.  Lucas completed a second draft of The Star Wars in January 1975, making heavy simplifications and introducing the young hero on a farm as Luke Starkiller. Annikin became Luke's father, a wise Jedi knight.
"The Force" was also introduced as a mystical energy field.  This second draft still had some differences from the final version in the characters and relationships. For example, Luke had several brothers, as well as his father, who appears in a minor role at the end of the film. The script became more of a fairy tale quest as opposed to the action-adventure of the previous versions. This version ended with another text crawl, previewing the next story in the series.
This draft was also the first to introduce the concept of a Jedi turning to the dark side: the draft included a historical Jedi who became the first to ever fall to the dark side, and then trained the Sith to use it. Impressed with his works, Lucas hired conceptual artist Ralph McQuarrie to create paintings of certain scenes around this time. When Lucas delivered his screenplay to the studio, he included several of McQuarrie's paintings. A third draft, dated August 1, 1975, was titled The Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Starkiller. This third draft had most of the elements of the final plot, with only some differences in the characters and settings. The draft characterized Luke as an only child, with his father already dead, replacing him with a substitute named Ben Kenobi.  This script would be re-written for the fourth and final draft, dated January 1, 1976, as The Adventures of Luke Starkiller as taken from the Journal of the Whills, Saga I: The Star Wars. Lucas worked with his friends Gloria Katz and Willard Huyck to revise the fourth draft into the final pre-production script.
He suggested that Lucas use scrap in making the dressings, and the director agreed.  Christian said, I've always had this idea. I used to do it with models when I was a kid. I'd stick things on them and we'd make things look old.  Barry, Christian, and their team began designing the props and sets at Elstree Studios. According to Christian, the Millennium Falcon set was the most difficult to build. Christian wanted the interior of the Falcon to look like that of a submarine.  He found scrap airplane metal "that no one wanted in those days and bought them".  He began his creation process by breaking down jet engines into scrap pieces, giving him the chance to "stick it in the sets in specific ways".  It took him several weeks to finish the chess set (which he described as "the most encrusted set") in the hold of the Falcon. The garbage compactor set "was also pretty hard, because I knew I had actors in there and the walls had to come in, and they had to be in dirty water and I had to get stuff that would be light enough so it wouldn't hurt them but also not bobbing around".  A total of 30 sets consisting of planets, starships, caves, control rooms, cantinas, and the Death Star corridors were created; all of the nine sound stages at Elstree were used to accommodate them. The massive rebel hangar set was housed at a second sound stage at Shepperton Studios; the stage is the largest in Europe.  Filming In 1975, Lucas formed his own visual effects company Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) after discovering that 20th Century Fox's visual effects department had been disbanded.
Rather than saying,'It looks a bit over lit, can you fix that? , [Lucas would] say,'turn off this light, and turn off that light.And Gil would say,'No, I won't do that, I've lit it the way I think it should betell me what's the effect that you want, and I'll make a judgment about what to do with my lights.  Hotel Sidi Driss, the underground building in Matmata, Tunisia used to film Luke's home Originally, Lucas envisioned the planet of Tatooine, where much of the film would take place, as a jungle planet. Gary Kurtz traveled to the Philippines to scout locations; however, because of the idea of spending months filming in the jungle would make Lucas "itchy", the director refined his vision and made Tatooine a desert planet instead.  Kurtz then researched all American, North African, and Middle Eastern deserts, and found Tunisia, near the Sahara desert, as the ideal location.  When principal photography began on March 22, 1976 in the Tunisian desert for the scenes on Tatooine, the project faced several problems.
Most of the crew considered the project a "children's film", rarely took their work seriously, and often found it unintentionally humorous.  Actor Baker later confessed that he thought the film would be a failure. Harrison Ford found it strange that "there's a princess with weird buns in her hair", and he called Chewbacca a "giant in a monkey suit". Filming at Elstree Studios became another problem for Taylor; the sets John Barry made "were like a coal mine", as the cinematographer described. He said that they were all black and gray, with really no opportunities for lighting at all. To resolve the problem, he worked the lighting into the sets by chopping in its walls, ceiling and floors. This would result in "a'cut-out' system of panel lighting", with quartz lamps that could be placed in the holes in the walls, ceiling and floors. His idea was supported by the Fox studio, which agreed that "we couldn't have this'black hole of Calcutta'". The lighting approach Taylor devised allowed George to shoot in almost any direction without extensive relighting, which gave him more freedom.  In total, filming the scenes in England took 14 and a half weeks.  Tikal, Guatemala, which served as the setting of the rebel base. The moon Yavin 4, which acted as the rebel base in the film, was filmed in the Mayan temples at Tikal, Guatemala. Lucas selected the location as a potential filming site after seeing a poster of it hanging at a travel agency while he was filming in England.
This inspired him to send a film crew to Guatemala in March 1977 to shoot scenes. While filming in Tikal, the crew paid locals with a six pack of beer to watch over the camera equipment for several days.  Lucas rarely spoke to the actors, who felt that he expected too much of them while providing little direction.
Then, it was obvious that 8 million wasn't going to do itthey had approved 8 million. " After requests from the team that "it had to be more", the executives "got a bit scared.  For two weeks, Lucas and his crew "didn't really do anything except kind of pull together new budget figures". At the same time, after production fell behind schedule, Ladd told Lucas he had to finish production within a week or he would be forced to shut down production.Kurtz said that it came out to be like 9.8 or. 9 or something like that, and in the end they just said,'Yes, that's okay, we'll go ahead.  The crew split into three units, with those units led by Lucas, Kurtz, and production supervisor Robert Watts. Under the new system, the project met the studio's deadline.  During production, the cast attempted to make Lucas laugh or smile, as he often appeared depressed.
At one point, the project became so demanding that Lucas was diagnosed with hypertension and exhaustion and was warned to reduce his stress level.  Post-production was equally stressful due to increasing pressure from 20th Century Fox.Moreover, Mark Hamill's car accident left his face visibly scarred, which restricted re-shoots.  Post-production Steven Spielberg claimed to have been the only person in the audience to have enjoyed the film in its early cut screening. Star Wars was originally slated for release on Christmas 1976; however, its production delays pushed the film's release to summer 1977. Already anxious about meeting his deadline, Lucas was shocked when editor John Jympson's first cut of the film was a "complete disaster". According to an article in Star Wars Insider No.
41 by David West Reynolds, this first edit of Star Wars contained about 3040% different footage from the final version. After attempting to persuade Jympson to cut the film his way, Lucas replaced him with Paul Hirsch and Richard Chew. He also allowed his then-wife, Marcia Lucas, to aid the editing process while she was cutting the film New York, New York (1977) with Lucas's friend Martin Scorsese. Richard Chew found the film to have a lethargic pace and to have been cut in a by-the-book manner: scenes were played out in master shots that flowed into close-up coverage. He found that the pace was dictated by the actors instead of the cuts.Hirsch and Chew worked on two reels simultaneously.  Jympson's original assembly contained a large amount of footage which differed from the final cut of the film, including several alternate takes and a number of scenes which were subsequently deleted to improve the narrative pace. The most significant material cut was a series of scenes from the first part of the film which served to introduce the character of Luke Skywalker. These early scenes, set in Anchorhead on the planet Tatooine, presented the audience with Luke's everyday life among his friends as it is affected by the space battle above the planet; they also introduced the character of Biggs Darklighter, Luke's closest friend who departs to join the Rebellion.  Chew explained the rationale behind removing these scenes as a narrative decision: In the first five minutes, we were hitting everybody with more information than they could handle.
There were too many story lines to keep straight: the robots and the Princess, Vader, Luke. So we simplified it by taking out Luke and Biggs.  After viewing a rough cut, Alan Ladd likened these Anchorhead scenes to "American Graffiti in outer space". Lucas was looking for a way of accelerating the storytelling, and removing Luke's early scenes would distinguish Star Wars from his earlier teenage drama and "get that American Graffiti feel out of it".  Lucas also stated that he wanted to move the narrative focus to C-3PO and R2-D2: At the time, to have the first half-hour of the film be mainly about robots was a bold idea.
The lightsaber sound effect was developed by Burtt as a combination of the hum of idling interlock motors in aged movie projectors and interference caused by a television set on a shieldless microphone. Burtt discovered the latter accidentally as he was looking for a buzzing, sparking sound to add to the projector-motor hum. For Chewbacca's growls, Burtt recorded and combined sounds made by dogs, bears, lions, tigers, and walruses to create phrases and sentences. Lucas and Burtt created the robotic voice of R2-D2 by filtering their voices through an electronic synthesizer. Darth Vader's breathing was achieved by Burtt breathing through the mask of a scuba regulator implanted with a microphone.  In February 1977, Lucas screened an early cut of the film for Fox executives, several director friends, along with Roy Thomas and Howard Chaykin of Marvel Comics who were preparing a Star Wars comic book. The cut had a different crawl from the finished version and used Prowse's voice for Darth Vader. It also lacked most special effects; hand-drawn arrows took the place of blaster beams, and when the Millennium Falcon fought TIE fighters, the film cut to footage of World War II dogfights.  The reactions of the directors present, such as Brian De Palma, John Milius, and Steven Spielberg, disappointed Lucas.
Spielberg, who claimed to have been the only person in the audience to have enjoyed the film, believed that the lack of enthusiasm was due to the absence of finished special effects. Lucas later said that the group was honest and seemed bemused by the film.In contrast, Ladd and the other studio executives loved the film; Gareth Wigan told Lucas: "This is the greatest film I've ever seen" and cried during the screening. Lucas found the experience shocking and rewarding, having never gained any approval from studio executives before. The sequence was later re-instated in the 1997 Special Edition with a computer-generated version of Jabba.  Soundtrack Main article: Star Wars (soundtrack) Original vinyl release On the recommendation of his friend Steven Spielberg, Lucas hired composer John Williams. Williams had worked with Spielberg on the film Jaws, for which he won an Academy Award. Lucas felt that the film would portray visually foreign worlds, but that the musical score would give the audience an emotional familiarity; he wanted a grand musical sound for Star Wars, with leitmotifs to provide distinction. Therefore, he assembled his favorite orchestral pieces for the soundtrack, until Williams convinced him that an original score would be unique and more unified. However, a few of Williams' pieces were influenced by the tracks given to him by Lucas: the "Main Title Theme" was inspired by the theme from the 1942 film Kings Row, scored by Erich Wolfgang Korngold; and the track "Dune Sea of Tatooine" drew from the soundtrack of Bicycle Thieves, scored by Alessandro Cicognini. In March 1977, Williams conducted the London Symphony Orchestra to record the Star Wars soundtrack in 12 days.  The original soundtrack was released as a double LP in 1977 by 20th Century Records. 20th Century Fox released The Story of Star Wars that same year, which adapted the film and presented it as a narrated story with music, dialogue, and sound effects from the original film. The American Film Institute's list of best film scores ranks the Star Wars soundtrack at number one.  Cinematic and literary allusions This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (March 2015) See also: Star Wars sources and analogues War films such as the The Dam Busters and 633 Squadron, which used aircraft like the Avro Lancaster (top) and the Mosquito (bottom), respectively, were inspirations for the battle sequences According to Lucas, different concepts of the film were inspired by numerous sources, such as Beowulf and King Arthur for the origins of myth and religion.  Star Wars features several parallels to Flash Gordon, such as the conflict between Rebels and Imperial Forces, the wipes between scenes, the fusion of futuristic technology and traditional magic, and the famous opening crawl that begins each film.  The film has also been compared to The Wizard of Oz.  The influence of Kurosawa's 1958 film can be seen in the relationship between C-3PO and R2-D2, which evolved from the two bickering peasants in The Hidden Fortress, and a Japanese family crest seen in the earlier film is similar to the Imperial Crest. Star Wars also borrows heavily from another Kurosawa film, Yojimbo.  In both films, several men threaten the hero, bragging about how wanted they are by the authorities, and have an arm being cut off by a blade; Kuwabatake Sanjuro (portrayed by Toshiro Mifune) is offered... Twenty-five ryo now, twenty-five when you complete the mission... ", whereas Han Solo is offered "Two thousand now, plus fifteen when we reach Alderaan. Tatooine is similar to Arrakis from Frank Herbert's Dune series. Arrakis is the only known source of a longevity spice called Melange. References to "spice", various illegal stimulant drugs, occur throughout the last three films of the Star Wars saga. In the original film, Han Solo is a spice smuggler who has been through the spice mines of Kessel. In the conversation at Obi-Wan Kenobi's home, between Obi-Wan and Luke, Luke expresses a belief that his father was a navigator on a spice freighter. Other similarities include those between Princess Leia and Princess Alia, and between Jedi mind tricks and "The Voice", a controlling ability used by Bene Gesserit. In passing, Uncle Owen and Aunt Beru are "moisture farmers"; in Dune, dew collectors are used by Fremen to... Provide a small but reliable source of water.
" Frank Herbert reported that "David Lynch, [director of the 1984 film Dune] had trouble with the fact that Star Wars used up so much of Dune. The odds against coincidence produced a number larger than the number of stars in the universe. The Death Star assault scene was modeled after the World War II film The Dam Busters (1955), in which Royal Air Force Lancaster bombers fly along heavily defended reservoirs and aim bouncing bombs at dams, in order to cripple the heavy industry of Germany's Ruhr region. Some of the dialogue in The Dam Busters is repeated in the Star Wars climax; Gilbert Taylor also filmed the special effects sequences in The Dam Busters. In addition, the sequence was partially inspired by the climax of the film 633 Squadron (1964), directed by Walter Grauman,  in which RAF de Havilland Mosquitos attack a German heavy water plant by flying down a narrow fjord to drop special bombs at a precise point, while avoiding anti-aircraft guns and German fighters. Clips from both films were included in Lucas's temporary dogfight footage version of the sequence.  The opening shot of Star Wars, in which a detailed spaceship fills the screen overhead, is a reference to the scene introducing the interplanetary spacecraft Discovery One in Stanley Kubrick's seminal 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey. The earlier big-budget science fiction film influenced the look of Star Wars in many other ways, including the use of EVA pods and hexagonal corridors. The Death Star has a docking bay reminiscent of the one on the orbiting space station in 2001.  Although golden and male, C-3PO was inspired by the robot Maria, the Maschinenmensch from Fritz Lang's 1927 film Metropolis.  Release Premiere and initial release Lucasfilm hired Charles Lippincott as marketing director for Star Wars. As 20th Century Fox gave little support for marketing beyond licensing T-shirts and posters, Lippincott was forced to look elsewhere. He secured deals with Marvel Comics for a comic book adaptation, and with Del Rey Books for a novelization. A fan of science fiction, he used his contacts to promote the film at the San Diego Comic-Con and elsewhere within science fiction fandom.  Worried that Star Wars would be beaten out by other summer films, such as Smokey and the Bandit, 20th Century Fox moved the release date to May 25, the Wednesday before Memorial Day.
However, fewer than 40 theaters ordered the film to be shown.  On opening day I... Did a radio call-in show...This caller, was really enthusiastic and talking about the movie in really deep detail. I said,'You know a lot about the film.
He said,'Yeah, yeah, I've seen it four times already. Producer Gary Kurtz, on when he realized Star Wars had become a cultural phenomenon Star Wars debuted on Wednesday, May 25, 1977, in fewer than 32 theaters, and eight more on Thursday and Friday. Kurtz said in 2002, That would be laughable today. It immediately broke box office records, effectively becoming one of the first blockbuster films, and Fox accelerated plans to broaden its release. Lucas himself was not able to predict how successful Star Wars would be. After visiting the set of the Steven Spielbergdirected Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Lucas was sure Close Encounters would outperform the yet-to-be-released Star Wars at the box office. Spielberg disagreed, and felt Lucas's Star Wars would be the bigger hit. Lucas proposed they trade 2.5% of the profit on each other's films; Spielberg took the trade, and still receives 2.5% of the profits from Star Wars. Having forgotten that the film would open that day,  he spent most of Wednesday in a sound studio in Los Angeles. When Lucas went out for lunch with Marcia, they encountered a long line of people along the sidewalks leading to Mann's Chinese Theatre, waiting to see Star Wars.  He was still skeptical of the film's success despite Ladd and the studio's enthusiastic reports.
 The film was a huge success for the studio, and was credited for reinvigorating it. Within three weeks of its release, 20th Century Fox's stock price had doubled to a record high.  Although the film's cultural neutrality helped it to gain international success, Ladd became anxious during the premiere in Japan. After the screening, the audience was silent, leading him to fear that the film would be unsuccessful. When Star Wars made an unprecedented second opening at Mann's Chinese Theatre on August 3, 1977, after William Friedkin's Sorcerer failed, thousands of people attended a ceremony in which C-3PO, R2-D2 and Darth Vader placed their footprints in the theater's forecourt.  At that time Star Wars was playing in 1,096 theaters in the United States.  Approximately 60 theaters played the film continuously for over a year; in 1978, Lucasfilm distributed "Birthday Cake" posters to those theaters for special events on May 25, the one-year anniversary of the film's release.
 Reception Box office Star Wars remains one of the most financially successful films of all time.  Reissues in 1978, 1979, 1981, and 1982 brought its cumulative gross in Canada and the U.  The film remained the highest-grossing film of all time until E.The Extra-Terrestrial broke that record in 1983.  Following the release of the Special Edition in 1997,  Star Wars briefly reclaimed the North American record before losing it again the following year to Titanic.  According to Guinness World Records, the film ranks as the third-highest-grossing film when adjusting for inflation; at the North American box office, it ranks second behind Gone with the Wind on the inflation-adjusted list.  Critical response What makes the Star War experience unique, though, is that it happens on such an innocent and often funny level. It's usually violence that draws me so deeply into a movie violence ranging from the psychological torment of a Bergman character to the mindless crunch of a shark's jaws.
" He cited Quark (a short-lived 1977 sitcom that parodied the science fiction genre) and Donny & Marie (a 1970s variety show that produced a 10-minute musical adaptation of Star Wars guest starring Daniels and Mayhew) as "television's two most infamous examples.  Mel Brooks's Spaceballs, a satirical comic science fiction parody, later came out in 1987 to mixed reviews.  Lucas permitted Brooks to make a spoof of the film under one incredibly big restriction: no action figures.  Contemporary animated comedy TV series Family Guy,  Robot Chicken,  and The Simpsons have produced episodes satirizing the film series. Star Wars, together with Lucas, was also the subject of the 2010 documentary film The People vs.George Lucas that details the issues of filmmaking and fanaticism pertaining to the film franchise and its creator.  Many elements of the film have also endured presence in popular culture. The iconic weapon of choice of the Jedi, the lightsaber, was voted as the most popular weapon in film history in a survey of approximately 2,000 film fans.
 Some critics have blamed Star Wars, as well as Jaws, for ruining Hollywood by shifting its focus from "sophisticated" films such as The Godfather, Taxi Driver, and Annie Hall to films about spectacle and juvenile fantasy. They marched backward through the looking-glass." In an opposing view, Tom Shone wrote that through Star Wars and Jaws, Lucas and Spielberg "didn't betray cinema at all: they plugged it back into the grid, returning the medium to its roots as a carnival sideshow, a magic act, one big special effect", which was "a kind of rebirth.  Recognition In its May 30, 1977 issue, the film's year of release, Time magazine named Star Wars the "Movie of the Year". The publication claimed it was a "big early supporter" of the vision which would become Star Wars. In an article intended for the cover of the issue, Time's Gerald Clarke wrote that Star Wars is a grand and glorious film that may well be the smash hit of 1977, and certainly is the best movie of the year so far. The result is a remarkable confection: a subliminal history of the movies, wrapped in a riveting tale of suspense and adventure, ornamented with some of the most ingenious special effects ever contrived for film. Each of the subsequent films of the Star Wars saga has appeared on the magazine's cover. Series AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (1998) #15AFI's 100 Years...
100 Thrills (2001) #27AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes & Villains (2003): Han Solo #14 HeroObi-Wan Kenobi #37 HeroPrincess Leia Nominated HeroLuke Skywalker Nominated HeroAFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes (2004): May the Force be with you. " #8"Help me, Obi-Wan Kenobi. You're my only hope. NominatedAFI's 100 Years of Film Scores (2005) #1AFI's 100 Years...
100 Cheers (2006) #39AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) (2007) #13AFI's 10 Top 10 (2008) #2 Sci-Fi Film American Film Institute Star Wars was voted the second most popular film by Americans in a 2008 nationwide poll conducted by the market research firm, Harris Interactive.  Star Wars has also been featured in several high-profile audience polls: in 1997, it ranked as the 10th Greatest American Film on the Los Angeles Daily News Readers' Poll; in 2002, the film and its sequel The Empire Strikes Back were voted as the greatest films ever made in Channel 4's 100 Greatest Films poll; in 2011, it ranked as Best Sci-Fi Film on Best in Film: The Greatest Movies of Our Time, a primetime special aired by ABC that counted down the best films as chosen by fans, based on results of a poll conducted by ABC and People magazine; in 2014 the film placed 11th in a poll undertaken by The Hollywood Reporter, which balloted every studio, agency, publicity firm, and production house in the Hollywood region.
100 Movie Quotes,  and Han Solo and Obi-Wan Kenobi are ranked as the 14th and 37th greatest heroes respectively on 100 Years...  Merchandising Main articles: Kenner Star Wars action figures, Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker, Star Wars (comics) and Star Wars (radio) Little Star Wars merchandise was available for several months after the film's debut, as only Kenner Products had accepted marketing director Charles Lippincott's licensing offers. Television commercials told children and parents that vouchers within a "Star Wars Early Bird Certificate Package" could be redeemed for four action figures between February and June 1978.  Jay West of the Los Angeles Times said that the boxes in the campaign became the most coveted empty box[es] in the history of retail.  In 2012, the Star Wars action figures were inducted into the National Toy Hall of Fame.
 An Old Friend (Issue #1) (12 BBY-6 BBY)Meeting the Droids (Issue #2) (6 BBY-0 BBY)Beginning of an Adventure (Issue #3) (0 BBY)Only Hope (Issue #4) (0 BBY)Escape (Issue #5) (0 BBY)Death Star (Issue #6) (0 BBY)s the Rise of the Empire Era and the Rebellion Era. Rebellion Era This era contains stories taking place within 6 years before and 4 years after Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. Star Wars Rebels Comic Strips Published in the monthly Star Wars Rebels UK Magazine Ring Race (5 BBY)Learning Patience (5 BBY)The fake Jedi (5 BBY)Kallus' Hunt (5 BBY)Return of the Slavers (5 BBY)Eyes on the Prize (5 BBY)Sabotaged Supplies (5 BBY)Ezra's Vision (4 BBY)Senate Perspective (4 BBY) Kanan Star Wars: Kanan by Greg Weisman The Last Padawan, Part I: Fight (Issue #1) (5 BBY; flashbacks to 19 BBY)The Last Padawan, Part II: Flight (Issue #2) (5 BBY; flashbacks to 19 BBY)The Last Padawan, Part III: Pivot (Issue #3) (5 BBY; flashbacks to 19 BBY)The Last Padawan, Part IV: Catch (Issue #4) (5 BBY; flashbacks to 19 BBY)The Last Padawan, Part V: Release (Issue #5) (5 BBY; flashbacks to 19 BBY)The Last Padawan, Epilogue: Haunt (Issue #6) (5 BBY)First Blood (Issues #7-11) (5 BBY; flashbacks to 20 BBY) Princess Leia Star Wars: Princess Leia by Mark Waid (0 ABY) Princess Leia (Issues #1-5) Chewbacca Star Wars: Chewbacca by Gerry Duggan (0 ABY) Chewbacca (Issues #1-5) Star Wars Star Wars by Jason Aaron Skywalker Strikes (Issues #1-6) (0 ABY)From the Journals of Old Ben Kenobi: "The Last of His Breed" (Issue #7) (0 ABY; flashbacks to 11 BBY)Showdown on the Smuggler's Moon (Issues #8-12) (0 ABY)Vader Down, Part III (Issue #13) (0 ABY)Vader Down, Part V (Issue #14) (0 ABY)Annual 1 (Between 0 and 3 ABY) Darth Vader Star Wars: Darth Vader by Kieron Gillen Vader (Issues #1-6) (0 ABY)Shadows and Secrets (Issues #7-12) (0 ABY)Vader Down, Part II (Issue #13) (0 ABY)Vader Down, Part IV (Issue #14) (0 ABY)Vader Down, Part VI (Issue #15) (0 ABY)Annual 1 (Between 0 and 3 ABY) Vader Down Star Wars: Vader Down by Jason Aaron and Kieron Gillen (0 ABY) Vader Down is a six-issue crossover event series between Star Wars and Darth Vader. Vader Down, Part I (Issue #1)Vader Down, Part II (Issue #2; Issue #13 of Darth Vader)Vader Down, Part III (Issue #3; Issue #13 of Star Wars)Vader Down, Part IV (Issue #4; Issue #14 of Darth Vader)Vader Down, Part V (Issue #5; Issue #14 of Star Wars)Vader Down, Part VI (Issue #6; Issue #15 of Darth Vader) Lando Star Wars: Lando by Charles Soule (Between 0 ABY and 3 ABY) Lando (Issues #1-5) Era of the New Republic This era contains stories taking place within 4 and 34 years after Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. Shattered Empire Star Wars: Shattered Empire by Greg Rucka (4 ABY) Shattered Empire (Issues #1-4) C-3PO Star Wars Special: C-3PO 1 by James Robinson (After 4 ABY) One-shot comic Era of The First Order and The Resistance This era contains stories taking place approximately 34 years after Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope.
Cebulski (published in Tales #12) 36 BBY Children of the Force by Jason Hall (published in Tales #13)Qui-Gon and Obi-Wan: Last Stand on Ord Mantell by Ryder WindhamAurra's Song by Dean Motter (published in Dark Horse Presents Annual 2000) 34 BBY Nameless by Christian Read (published in Tales #10) 33 BBY Marked by Rob Williams (published in Tales #24)Urchins by Stan Sakai (published in Tales #14)Jedi Council: Acts of War by Randy StradleyA Summer's Dream by Terry Moore (published in Tales #5)Life, Death, and the Living Force by Jim Woodring (published in Tales #1)Incident at Horn Station by Dan Jolley (published in Tales #2) 32.5 BBY Prelude to Rebellion by Jan Strnad (Star Wars: Republic #16)Single Cell by Haden Blackman (published in Tales #7)Darth Maul by Ron MarzThe Death of Captain Tarpals by Ryder Windham (published in Tales #3) The Phantom Menace 32 BBY Episode I: The Phantom MenaceEpisode I: The Phantom Menace (manga) by Kia AsamiyaEpisode I: The Phantom Menace AdventuresPodracing Tales by Ryder Windham (online comic)Outlander by Tim Truman (Star Wars: Republic #712)Deal with a Demon by John Ostrander (published in Tales #3)Nomad by Rob Williams (published in Tales #21-24)Emissaries to Malastare by Tim Truman (Star Wars: Republic #1318)Jango Fett: Open Seasons by Haden Blackman The Calm Before the Storm 31 BBY Twilight by John Ostrander (Star Wars: Republic #1922)Infinity's End by Pat Mills (Star Wars: Republic #2326)Starcrash by Doug Petrie (Star Wars: Republic #27) 30 BBY The Stark Hyperspace War by John Ostrander (Star Wars: Republic #3639)Bad Business by John Ostrander (published in Tales #8)The Hunt for Aurra Sing by Tim Truman (Star Wars: Republic #2831)Heart of Fire by John Ostrander (published in Dark Horse Extra #35-37)Darkness by John Ostrander (Star Wars: Republic #3235)The Devaronian Version by John Ostrander (Star Wars: Republic #4041) 28 BBY Rite of Passage by John Ostrander (Star Wars: Republic #4245)Jedi Quest by Ryder Windham 27 BBY Jango Fett by Ron MarzZam Wesell by Ron MarzAurra Sing by Timothy Truman (published in The Bounty Hunters)The Sith in Shadow by Bob Harris (published in Tales #13) 25 BBY Poison Moon by Michael Carriglitto (published in Dark Horse Extra #44-47) 24 BBY A Jedi's Weapon by Henry Gilroy (published in Tales #12)Starfighter: Crossbones by Haden BlackmanPuzzle Peace by Scott Beatty (published in Tales #13)Honor and Duty by John Ostrander (Star Wars: Republic #4648) 23 BBY Way of the Warrior by Peter Alilunas (published in Tales #18)Full of Surprises by Jason Hall (published in Hasbro/Toys"R"Us Exclusive) Most Precious Weapon by Jason Hall (published in Hasbro/Toys"R"Us Exclusive)Practice Makes Perfect by Jason Hall (published in Hasbro/Toys"R"Us Exclusive)Machines of War by Jason Hall (published in Hasbro/Toys"R"Us Exclusive) Attack of the Clones/The Clone Wars 22 BBY Episode II: Attack of the Clones by Henry GilroyClone Wars Volume 1: The Defense of Kamino by John Ostrander, Jan Duursema, Haden Blackman and Scott Allie Published by Titan Books Ltd. Sacrifice by John Ostrander (Republic #49)The Battle of Kamino by John Ostrander, Haden Blackman and Scott Allie (Republic #50)Jedi: Mace Windu by John OstranderClone Wars Volume 2: Victories and Sacrifices by Haden Blackman, John Ostrander, Tomas Giorello and Jan Duursema Published by Titan Books Ltd.
Into the Unknown (Star Wars: Republic #7980)The Hidden Enemy by John Ostrander (Republic #8183)Purge by John OstranderPurge - Seconds to Die by John OstranderPurge - The Hidden Blade by W. Haden BlackmanPurge - The Tyrant's Fist by Alexander FreedEvasive Action: Recruitment by Paul EnsEvasive Action: Prey by Paul EnsThe Path to Nowhere by Mick Harrison (Dark Times #15)Parallels by Mick Harrison (Dark Times #610)Vector by Mick Harrison (Dark Times #1112)Blue Harvest by Mick Harrison (Dark Times #0,1317)Darth Vader and the Lost Command by Hayden BlackmanOut of the Wilderness by Mick Harrison (Dark Times #18-22)Darth Vader and the Ghost Prison by Hayden BlackmanDarth Maul: Death Sentence by Tom TaylorDark Times: Fire Carrier by Mick HarrisonDark Times: A Spark Remains by Mick Harrison 18 BBY The Duty by Christian Read (published in Tales #12) 18-5 BBY The Value of Proper Intelligence to Any Successful Military Campaign is Not to be Underestimated by Ken Lizzi (published in Tales #19)Darth Vader and the Ninth Assassin by Tim Siedell 17 BBY Darth Vader and the Cry of Shadows by Tim Siedell 15 BBY Star Wars: Droids #1-5 by David Manak (Marvel Comics) 12 BBY Ghost by Jan Duursema (published in Tales #11)Fortune, Fate, and the Natural History of the Sarlacc by Mark Schultz (published in Tales #6) 11 BBY Nerf Herder by Phil Amara (published in Tales #7) 10 BBY Star Wars Blood Ties: Boba Fett is Dead by Tom Taylor 8 BBY Luke Skywalker: Detective by Rick Geary (published in Tales #20) 7 BBY Number Two in the Galaxy by Henry Gilroy (published in Tales #18)Payback by Andy Diggle (published in Tales #18)Being Boba Fett by Jason Hall (published in Tales #18) 6 BBY The Princess Leia Diaries (pages 17) by Jason Hall (published in Tales #11)Outbid but Never Outgunned by Beau Smith (published in Tales #7) The Dark Times 5 BBY Luke Skywalker: Walkabout by Phill Norwood (published in Dark Horse Presents Annual 1999)Routine by Tony Isabella (published in Tales #2)Young Lando Calrissian by Gilbert Hernandez (published in Tales #20)The Princess Leia Diaries (pages 89) by Jason Hall (published in Tales #11)Jabba the Hutt: The Art of the Deal by Jim Woodring 4 BBY Falling Star by Jim Beard (published in Tales #15)Star Wars: Ewoks #1-9 by David Manak 3 BBY The Flight of the Falcon by Steve Parkhouse (published in Devilworlds #1)In the Beginning by Garth Ennis (published in Tales #11)Star Wars: Droids: The Kalarba Adventures by Dan Thorsland (Dark Horse series V1 #1-6)Star Wars: Droids Special #1 by Dan ThorslandStar Wars: Droids: Rebellion by Ryder Windham (Dark Horse series V2 #1-4)Star Wars: Droids: The Season of Revolt by Jan Strnad (Dark Horse series V2 #5-8)Star Wars: Droids: The Protocol Offensive by Ryder WindhamStar Wars: Ewoks #10-14 by David ManakIron Eclipse by John Ostrander (Agent of the Empire #1-5)Hard Targets by John Ostrander (Agent of the Empire #6-10) 2 BBY Han Solo at Stars' End by Archie Goodwin (reprints strips by Alfredo Alcala)Crumb for Hire by Ryder Windham (published in A Decade of Dark Horse #2)Boba Fett: Salvage by John Wagner (published in Boba Fett ½)Boba Fett: Enemy of the Empire by John WagnerFirst Impressions by Nathan Walker (published in Tales #15)The Force Unleashed by Haden Blackman 1 BBY The Force Unleashed II by Haden BlackmanBlood Ties: Boba Fett is Dead by Tom TaylorDarklighter by Paul Chadwick (Empire #89, 12, 15)The Princess Leia Diaries (pages 1012) by Jason Hall (published in Tales #11)Darth Vader: Extinction by Ron Marz (published in Tales #1-2)The Hovel on Terk Street by Tom Fassbender and Jom Pascoe (published in Tales #6)Rookies Rendezvous by Pablo HidalgoRookies Rendezvous: No Turning Back by Pablo HidalgoWay of the Wookiee by Archie Goodwin (published in Marvel Illustrated Books Star Wars 1)Princess Warrior by Randy Stradley (Empire #56)Betrayal by Scott Allie (Empire #14)Dark Forces: Soldier for the Empire by William C. DietzThe Short, Happy Life of Roons Sewell by Paul Chadwick (Empire #1011)Star Wars Underworld - The Yavin Vassilika by Mike Kennedy & Carlos MegliaStar Wars Adventures: Han Solo and the Hollow Moon of Khorya The Rebellion Era (05 ABY) A New Hope 0 ABY Episode IV: A New Hope by Bruce JonesEpisode IV: A New Hope (manga) by Hisao TamakiX-wing Rogue Squadron #1/2 by Michael A. Stackpole (Special Wizard Magazine comic)Droids #6-8 by David Manak (Marvel Comics)Trooper by Garth Ennis (published in Tales #10)What Sin Loyalty?
By Jeremy Barlow (Empire #13)Day After the Death Star by Archie GoodwinSacrifice by John Wagner (Empire #7)The Savage Heart by Paul Alden (Empire #14)To the Last Man by Welles Hartley (Empire #16-18)Star Wars by Brian Wood, Carlos DAnda Volume 1: In The Shadow Of Yavin (#1-6)Volume 2: From The Ruins Of Alderaan (#7-12)Volume 3: Rebel Girl (#15-18)Volume 4: A Shattered Hope (#13-14, #19-20)Classic Star Wars: A Long Time Ago... Volume 1: Doomworld by Archie Goodwin (collects Marvel Star Wars #1-20) Six Against the GalaxyDeath StarIn Battle with Darth VaderLo, The Moons of YavinIs This the Final Chapter? New Planets, New PerilsEight for Aduba-3Showdown on a Wasteland WorldBehemoth from the World BelowStar SearchDoomworldDay of the Dragon LordsThe Sound of ArmageddonStar DuelThe HunterCrucibleThe Empire StrikesThe Ultimate GambleDeathgameClassic Star Wars: A Long Time Ago...
Volume 4: Screams in the Void (collects Marvel's Star Wars #54-67 & Annual #2)Classic Star Wars: A Long Time Ago... Volume 5: Fool's Bounty (collects Marvel's Star Wars #68-81 & Annual #3)Moment of Doubt by Lovern Kindzierski (published in Tales #4)Slippery Slope by Scott Lobdell (published in Tales #15)Thank the Maker by Ryder Windham (published in Tales #6)Hunger Pains by Jim Campbell (published in Tales #20)Blind Fury by Alan Moore (published in Devilworlds #1)Tales from Mos Eisley by Bruce JonesShadow Stalker by Ryder WindhamShadows of the Empire by John WagnerBattle of the Bounty Hunters pop-up comic by Ryder WindhamScoundrel's Wages by Mark Schultz (published in The Bounty Hunters)Star Wars Adventures: Luke Skywalker and the Treasure of the Dragonsnakes by Tom TaylorStar Wars Adventures: The Will of Darth Vader by Tom Taylor Return of the Jedi 4 ABY Episode VI: Return of the Jedi by Archie GoodwinEpisode VI: Return of the Jedi (manga) by Shin-ichi HiromotoMara Jade: By the Emperor's Hand by Timothy Zahn and Michael A. StackpoleThe Jabba Tape by John WagnerSand Blasted by Killian Pluckett (published in Tales #4)A Day in the Life by Brett Matthews (published in Tales #12)Free Memory by Brett Matthews (published in Tales #10)Lucky by Rob Williams (published in Tales #23)Do or Do Not by Jay Laird (published in Tales #15)X-Wing: Rogue Leader by Haden BlackmanClassic Star Wars: A Long Time Ago...
Stackpole (X-wing Rogue Squadron #58)Battleground: Tatooine by Michael A. Stackpole (X-wing Rogue Squadron #912)The Warrior Princess by Michael A. Stackpole (X-wing Rogue Squadron #1316)Requiem for a Rogue by Michael A.
Stackpole (X-wing Rogue Squadron #1720)In the Empire's Service by Michael A. Stackpole (X-wing Rogue Squadron #2124)Shadows of the Empire: Evolution by Steve PerryThe Making of Baron Fel by Michael A. Stackpole (X-wing Rogue Squadron #25)Family Ties by Michael A. Stackpole (X-wing Rogue Squadron #2627)Masquerade by Michael A. Stackpole (X-wing Rogue Squadron #2831)Mandatory Retirement by Michael A.Stackpole (X-wing Rogue Squadron #3235)Phantom Menaces by Joe Casey (published in Tales #17) 6 ABY Collapsing New Empires by Jim Pascoe (published in Tales #19)Dark Forces: Rebel Agent by William C. DietzDark Forces: Jedi Knight by William C. DietzBoba Fett: Twin Engines of Destruction by Andy Mangels (published in The Bounty Hunters) 7 ABY Problem Solvers by Chris Eliopoulos (published in Tales #20) 8 ABY Lando's Commandos: On Eagle's Wings by Carlos Meglia (published in Tales #5) 9 ABY The Thrawn Trilogy Heir to the Empire by Timothy Zahn and Mike BaronDark Force Rising by Timothy Zahn and Mike BaronThe Last Command by Timothy Zahn and Mike Baron 10 ABY Dark Empire I by Tom VeitchDark Empire II by Tom Veitch 11 ABY Boba Fett: Death, Lies, & Treachery by John WagnerEmpire's End by Tom VeitchCrimson Empire by Mike Richardson and Randy StradleyKenix Kil by Randy Stradley (published in The Bounty Hunters)Crimson Empire II: Council of Blood by Mike Richardson and Randy StradleyHard Currency by Randy Stradley (published in Dark Horse Extra #21-24)The Other by Jason Hall (published in Tales #16)Tall Tales by Scott Allie (published in Tales #11) 13 ABY The Third Time Pays for All by Randy Stradley (published in Dark Horse Presents #1)Crimson Empire III: Empire Lost by Mike Richardson and Randy StradleyJedi Academy: Leviathan by Kevin J. Anderson 15 ABY The Secret Tales of Luke's Hand by Henry Gilroy (published in Tales #8) 19 ABY Apocalypse Endor by Christian Read (published in Tales #14) 20 ABY Union by Michael A.
Stackpole The New Jedi Order Era (2537 ABY) 25 ABY Chewbacca by Darko MacanRefugees by Tom Taylor (Invasion #0 & 1-5)Rescues by Tom Taylor (Invasion #6-11)Revelations by Tom Taylor (Invasion #12-16)Revenants by Haden Blackman (published in Tales #18) 28 ABY Equals and Opposites by Nathan P. Butler (published in Tales #21) Legacy Era (40 ABY onwards) 40 ABY The Lost Lightsaber by Andrew Robinson & Jim Royal (published in Tales #19) 130 ABY Star Wars Legacy: Broken by John Ostrander (Legacy #13, 57)Star Wars Legacy: Noob by John Ostrander (Legacy #4)Star Wars Legacy: Allies by John Ostrander (Legacy #8)Star Wars Legacy: Trust Issues by John Ostrander (Legacy #9-10)Star Wars Legacy: The Ghosts of Ossus by John Ostrander (Legacy #11-12)Star Wars Legacy: Ready To Die by John Ostrander (Legacy #13)Star Wars Legacy: Claws of the Dragon by John Ostrander (Legacy #1419)Star Wars Legacy: Indomitable by John Ostrander (Legacy #2021)Star Wars Legacy: The Wrath of the Dragon by John Ostrander (Legacy #22)Star Wars Legacy: Loyalties by John Ostrander (Legacy #23-24)Star Wars Legacy: The Hidden Temple by John Ostrander (Legacy #25-26)Star Wars Legacy: Into the Core by John Ostrander (Legacy #27)Star Wars Legacy: Vector by John Ostrander (Legacy #28-31)Star Wars Legacy: Fight Another Day by John Ostrander (Legacy #32-33)Star Wars Legacy: Storms by John Ostrander (Legacy #34-35)Star Wars Legacy: Renegade by John Ostrander (Legacy #36)Star Wars Legacy: Tatooine by John Ostrander (Legacy #37-40)Star Wars Legacy: Rogue's End by John Ostrander (Legacy #41)Star Wars Legacy: Divided Loyalties by John Ostrander (Legacy #42)Star Wars Legacy: Monster by John Ostrander (Legacy #43-46)Star Wars Legacy: The Fate of Dac by John Ostrander (Legacy #47)Star Wars Legacy: Extremes by John Ostrander (Legacy #48-50) 138 ABY Star Wars Legacy: War by John Ostrander (#1-6)Star Wars Legacy: Prisoner of the Floating World by Corinna Bechko and Gabriel Hardman (#1-5)Star Wars Legacy: Outcasts of the Broken Ring by Corinna Bechko and Gabriel Hardman (#6-10)Star Wars Legacy: Wanted, Ania Solo (#11-15)Star Wars Legacy: Empire Of One (#16-18, 0½) Long after Yavin Storyteller by Jason Hall (published in Tales #19) Infinities Era (Not within timeline) Infinities A New HopeThe Empire Strikes BackReturn of the JediStar Wars Tales (N-canon stories) Skippy the Jedi Droid by Peter David (published in Tales #1)Stop that Jawa! By Dave Cooper (published in Tales #2)A Death Star is Born by Kevin Rubio (published in Tales #4)Spare Parts by Mark Evanier (published in Tales #4)What They Called Me by Craig Thompson (published in Tales #5)Hoth by Tony Millionaire (published in Tales #5)A Hot Time in the Cold Town Tonite by Ian Edginton (published in Tales #6)Junkheap Hero by Mark Evanierspli (published in Tales #6)Jedi Chef by Randy Stradley (published in Tales #7)Force Fiction by Kevin Rubio (published in Tales #7)Captain Threepio by Ryan Kinnaird (published in Tales #8)The One that Got Away by Andi Watson (published in Tales #8)Resurrection by Ron Marz (published in Tales #9)Lil' Maul in: Hate Leads to Lollipops by Dave McCaig (published in Tales #9)The Rebel Four by Jay Stephens (published in Tales #9)Skreej by Mike Kennedy (published in Tales #10)A Wookiee Scorned by Jason Hall (published in Tales #10)Prey by Kia Asamiya (published in Tales #11)The Revenge of Tag and Bink by Kevin Rubio (published in Tales #12)The Emperor's Court by Jason Hall (published in Tales #14)Smuggler's Blues by Matthew and Shawn Fillbach (published in Tales #14)The Sandstorm by Jason Hall (published in Tales #15)Best Birthday Ever by Tod Parkhill (published in Tales #16)The Long, Bad Day by Mike Denning (published in Tales #16)Kessel Run by Gilbert Austin (published in Tales #16)Lunch Break by Jonathan Adams (published in Tales #16)The Rebel Club by Scott Kurtz (published in Tales #19)Into the Great Unknown by Haden Blackman (published in Tales #19)Who's your Daddy by Jason (published in Tales #20)Fred Jawa by Jason (published in Tales #20)Failing Up with Jar Jar Binks by Peter Bagge (published in Tales #20)Melvin Fett by James Kochalka (published in Tales #20)Fett Club by Kevin Rubio (published in Tales #24)Tag and Bink: Revenge of the Clone Menace by Kevin RubioTag and Bink Are Dead 1 by Kevin RubioTag and Bink Are Dead 2 by Kevin RubioThe Return of Tag and Bink: Special Edition by Kevin RubioSergio Stomps Star Wars by Sergio AragonesStar Wars: VisionariesThe Star Wars, adapted from George Lucas' screenplay draft for A New Hope.
It covers those who have written for series, one-shots, film adaptations, and comics from Star Wars Tales. Jonathan AdamsPaul AldenPeter AlilunasScott AlliePhil AmaraKevin J. AndersonThomas AndrewsKia AsamiyaBrian AugustynChris AvellonePeter BaggeJeremy BarlowMike BaronJim BeardScott BeattyHaden BlackmanNathan P. CebulskiPaul ChadwickChris ClaremontDave CooperBrian DaleyPeter DavidMike DenningWilliam C. DietzAndy DiggleChuck DixonJan DuursemaIan EdgintonChris EliopoulosGarth EnnisPaul EnsMark EvanierspliTom FassbenderMatthew FillbachShawn FillbachAlan Dean FosterAlexander FreedMilton Freewater Jr.FuAdam GallardoRick GearyHenry Gilroy Archie GoodwinJason HallRich HandleyBob HarrisMick HarrisonWelles HartleyRich HeddenGilbert HernandezPablo HidalgoShin-ichi HiromotoTony IsabellaMatt JacobsBruce JonesRyan KaufmanMike KennedyRyan KinnairdSean KonotJim KruegerToshiki KudoScott KurtzJay LairdJustin LambrosMiles LanePaul LeeSang Jun LeeKen LizziDarko MacanDavid ManakAndy MangelsRuss ManningLucas MarangonRon MarzBrett MatthewsAaron McBrideShane McCarthyCarlos MegliaSteven MelchingJohn Jackson MillerPat MillsAlan MooreSteve MooreScott MorseDean MotterBytim Mucci Can you remember the first comic book that ever landed in your hands? More than a decade ago I first met one of my comic book creator heroes, Howard Chaykin. Chaykin created the very first Star Wars movie poster, a stylized, action-filled cover in his unique style: Chaykin was visiting town at a local Con and luckily for me most of the visitors at the show were in line for the newest young comic artist, and didnt realize all Mr. Chaykin had done in his long career in comics and television, so I got plenty of time to chat with him, and have him autograph my first comic book: Star Wars, Issue #8, featuring a story called Eight for Aduba-3, influenced by The Magnificent Seven/Seven Samurai story. Ive bragged up Chaykin before here at borg. Hes one of the most interesting guys in the comics business. Eight for Aduba-3 came out when Marvel Comics first had the license to create the Star Wars movie adaptation, drawn by Chaykin and written by Chaykin and the great Roy Thomas, after a quick look at materials from the film and conversation with George Lucas. They were tapped to take the characters from the new phenomenon in a new direction following the events in Episode IV: A New Hope. Eight for Aduba-3 included more than one tough recruited mercenary, much like its source material, but the big standout was Jaxxon, a giant, angry green rabbit-man. The Marvel Comics series ran to 107 issues, three annuals, and a four-issue adaptation of Return of the Jedi. Then Dark Horse Comics later took over and gave us 20 years of great stories. As we reported here back in July during Comic-Con, Marvel Comics announced that January 2015 will see the first of Marvel taking over the Star Wars comic book line from Dark Horse with three initial series. Fellow Elite Comics regular Jason Aaron will write and John Cassaday will serve as artist on the new series taking place just after A New Hope, where the original 1978 Marvel Comics line began and the current main Dark Horse title takes place. Today Marvel Comics made public a variant cover for Aaron and Cassadays new seriesStar Wars, Issue #1, featuring none other than Jaxxon himself. Wookieepedia is also available in English. SW Wiki On the Wiki Wiki Activity Random article Videos Photos Status Articles Navigation Community Contact Contribute Watchlist Random article Recent changes Roy Thomas (born November 22, 1940) is a comic book writer and editor. He wrote the comic adaptation for A New Hope, and was one of the first to contribute to the Expanded Universe as he wrote the subsequent stories in Marvel Star Wars comic series, but only stayed on for a total run of ten issues. Thomas began in the comics industry in 1965 when he started working as an assistant editor at DC Comics. But he didn't last long at DC as just eight days later he accepted a job at Marvel Comics as writer and editor. In 1972 Thomas succeeded Stan Lee as editor-in-chief of Marvel while he continued to write many of Marvel's top titles at the time. He was instrumental in bringing the Star Wars franchise to Marvel, which in turn almost single-handedly saved Marvel from bankruptcy. He currently lives in South Carolina, editing the comic book fanzine Alter Ego. Thomas had the distinction of creating Jaxxon alongside Howard Chaykin, the only character to appear in the Marvel series to seemingly be put to pasture by Lucasfilm.  (born November 22, 1940) is an American comic book writer and editor, who was Stan Lee's first successor as editor-in-chief of Marvel Comics. He is possibly best known for introducing the pulp magazine hero Conan the Barbarian to American comics, with a series that added to the storyline of Robert E. Howard's character and helped launch a sword and sorcery trend in comics. Thomas is also known for his championing of Golden Age comic-book heroes particularly the 1940s superhero team the Justice Society of America and for lengthy writing stints on Marvel's X-Men and Avengers, and DC Comics' All-Star Squadron, among other titles. Thomas was inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2011. Contents 1 Early life2 Career 2.1 Marvel Comics 2.1.1 Editor-in-chief2.2 DC Comics2.3 Later career3 Awards4 References5 External links Early life Thomas was born in Jackson, Missouri, United States.  As a child, he was a devoted comic book fan, and in grade school he wrote and drew his own comics for distribution to friends and family.
The first of these was All-Giant Comics, which he recalls as having featured suc. H characters as Elephant Giant.  He graduated from Southeast Missouri State University in 1961 with a BS in Education,  having majored in history and social science. Thomas became an early and active member of Silver Age comic book fandom when it organized in the early 1960s primarily around Jerry Bails, whose enthusiasm for the rebirth of superhero comics during that period led Bails to found the fanzine Alter Ego, an early focal point of fandom.
Thomas, then a high school English teacher, took over as editor in 1964 when Bails moved on to other pursuits. Letters from him appeared regularly in the letters pages of both DC and Marvel Comics, including The Flash #116 Nov. 1960, Fantastic Four #5 (July 1962), Fantastic Four #15 (June 1963), and Fantastic Four #22 Jan.Career Marvel Comics In 1965, Thomas moved to New York City to take a job at DC Comics as assistant to Mort Weisinger, then the editor of the Superman titles. Thomas said he had just accepted a fellowship to study foreign relations at George Washington University when he received a letter from Weisinger, "with whom I had exchanged one or two letters, tops", asking Thomas to become his assistant editor on a several-week trial basis. " Thomas had already written a Jimmy Olsen script "a few months before, while still living and teaching in the St. Louis area, he said in 2005.
"I worked at DC for eight days in late June and very early July of 1965" before accepting a job at Marvel Comics. The Marvel "Bullpen Bulletins" in Fantastic Four #61 (April 1967) describes Thomas admitting that he gave up a scholarship to George Washington University just to write for Marvel! " This came after his chafing under the notoriously difficult Weisinger, to a point, Thomas said in 1981, that he would go "home to my dingy little room at, coincidentally, the George Washington Hotel in Manhattan, during that second week, and actually feeling tears well into my eyes, at the ripe old age of 24. " Familiar with editor and chief writer Stan Lee's Marvel work, and feeling them "the most vital comics around,  Thomas just sat down one night at the hotel and I wrote him a letter! I figured he just might remember me from Alter Ego. Lee did, and phoned Thomas to offer him a Marvel writing test. I was hired after taking [the]' writer's test', and my first official job title at Marvel was'staff writer'.
 In 1975, Thomas wrote the first joint publishing venture between Marvel and DC Comics a 72-page Wizard of Oz movie adaptation in an oversized "Treasury Edition" format with art by John Buscema.  He and Buscema crafted a comics adaptation of Tarzan for Marvel in June 1977.  DC Comics In 1981, after several years of freelancing for Marvel and a dispute with then editor-in-chief Jim Shooter, Thomas signed a three-year exclusivity writing/editing contract with DC. He marked his return to DC with a two-part Green Lantern story in Green Lantern #138139 (MarchApril 1981), and briefly wrote Batman,  DC Comics Presents, and the Legion of Super-Heroes. DC gave Thomas' work a promotional push by featuring several of his series in free, 16-page insert previews.  Thomas married his second wife Danette Couto in May 1981.  Danette legally changed her first name to Dann and would become Roy's regular writing partner. Thomas credits her with the original idea for the Arak, Son of Thunder series drawn by Ernie Colón.  Writer Gerry Conway would also be a frequent collaborator with Thomas; together they wrote a two-part Superman-Captain Marvel team-up in DC Comics Presents; a series of Atari Force and Swordquest mini-comics packaged with Atari 2600 video games; and three Justice League-Justice Society crossovers.  Conway also contributed ideas to the funny animal comic Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew! Created by Thomas and Scott Shaw.  Thomas and Conway were to be the co-writers of the JLA/Avengers intercompany crossover but editorial disputes between DC and Marvel caused the project's cancellation.  As a solo writer, Roy Thomas wrote Wonder Woman and, with artist Gene Colan, updated the character's costume and introduced a new supervillainess, the Silver Swan.  His final work on the series, issue #300 Feb. 1983, was co-written with Dann Thomas,  who, as Roy Thomas noted in 1999 became the first woman ever to receive scripting credit on the world's foremost super-heroine.
 In 1983, Thomas and artist Jerry Ordway created Infinity, Inc. A group composed of the JSA's children. The characters debuted in All-Star Squadron #25 Sept. 1983 and were launched in their own series in March 1984.  Thomas wrote several limited series for DC including America vs.The Justice Society,  Jonni Thunder a. The New Beginning, and Crimson Avenger. From 1986 to 1988, Thomas contributed to the Secret Origins series and wrote most of the stories involving the Golden Age characters including Superman and Batman.  In 1986, DC decided to write off the JSA from active continuity. A one-shot issue titled The Last Days of the Justice Society involved most of the JSA battling the forces of evil while merged with the Norse gods in an ever-repeating Ragnarok-like Limbo was written by Thomas, with art by David Ross.  Young All-Stars replaced All-Star Squadron following the changes to DC's continuity brought about by the Crisis on Infinite Earths limited series. Thomas's last major project for DC was an adaptation of Richard Wagner's Ring cycle drawn by Gil Kane and published in 19891990. Since then, Thomas has written a trio of Elseworlds one-shots combining DC characters with classic cinema and literature: Superman's Metropolis, Superman: War of the Worlds, and JLA: The Island of Dr.  Later career Thomas and Gerry Conway collaborated on the screenplays for two movies: the animated feature Fire and Ice (1983) and Conan the Destroyer (1984). I've even long regretted the fact that your elevation to the position of editor-in-chief, in which you've obviously done a fine job, came at a time after I'd moved to the West Coast. Perhaps if we'd had more personal communication from 1977 to 1980, we could have come to some sort of agreement at that time or at least parted under more amicable circumstances. I leave it to you to decide if we should ever make any attempt to rectify that situation; certainly I've never been a grudge-carrier in other cases....  By 1986, Thomas had begun writing for Marvel's New Universe line, beginning with Spitfire and the Troubleshooters #5 Feb.
He then embarked on a multi-issue run of Nightmask, co-scripted by his wife Dann Thomas. He went on to script titles starring Doctor Strange, Thor, the Avengers West Coast, and Conan, often co-scripting with Dann Thomas or Jean-Marc Lofficier.  During the following decade, Thomas began working less for Marvel and DC than for independent companies. He wrote issues of the TV-series tie-ins Xena: Warrior Princess and Hercules: The Legendary Journeys for Topps Comics.
 Additionally, he began writing more for other media, including television, and relaunched Alter Ego as a formal magazine published by TwoMorrows Publishing in 1999. In 2005, he earned a Master's degree in Humanities from California State University.  With Marvel's four-issue miniseries Stoker's Dracula Oct. 2004 May 2005, Thomas and artist Dick Giordano completed an adaptation of Bram Stoker's novel Dracula, which the duo had begun 30 years earlier in 10- to 12-page installments, beginning with Marvel's black-and-white horror-comics magazine Dracula Lives! They had completed 76 pages, comprising roughly one-third of the novel, through issues #68 and 1011 and Marvel Preview #8 ("The Legion of Monsters"),  before Marvel canceled Dracula Lives and later many of its other black-and-whites.
Chaykins involvement in his original run of the series was that of writer for 29 issues, interior artist for issues #112 and 1426, and cover artist for issues #133. In 1987, a four-issue run was released, then the title was cancelled and relaunched as Howard Chaykins American Flagg! This new rendition failed to recapture the glory days of the titles early years and only lasted 12 issues before cancellation. The first new project was a controversial revamp of The Shadow in a four-issue miniseries for DC Comics in 1986. Rather than setting the series in its traditional 1930s milieu, Chaykin updated it to a contemporary setting and included his own style of extreme violence.In a 2012 interview, Chaykin stated The reason I pulled him out of the period was because I thought it would be commercial suicide to do a period character at that point. Special one-shot was designed to introduce Chaykin's next major work, a graphic novel series called Time². The workcombining semi-autobiographical elements with a heavy dose of jazz, film noir and a fantasy version of New York Cityresulted in two graphic novels Time²: The Epiphany (ISBN 0-915419-07-6) and Time²: The Satisfaction of Black Mariah (ISBN 0-915419-23-8). During a 1987 interview originally published in Amazing Heroes #132, Chaykin described plans for a third graphic novel. "It's probably going to be grossly different from the first two, because I'm taking things in another direction, " Chaykin said at the time. I want to do a story that is both very funny... And at the same time very, very ugly. Because frankly, it's the place to do that sort of thing.  Although Chaykin hoped it would be available in summer 1988, the third book was never released. Chaykin has described Time² as the single work about which he is most proud.  "To tell you the truth, my first interest would be to do another Time² because that was a very personal product for me, " he said in a 2008 interview. It's a fantasia of my family's story.  Before returning to American Flagg! Chaykin revamped another DC Comics character: Blackhawk was a three-issue mini-series that gave Chaykin another chance to indulge in the 1930s milieu, proving itself another successful revamping of a defunct DC character. When DC proposed a system of labelling comics for violent or sexual content, Chaykin (with Alan Moore and Frank Miller) boycotted DC and refused to work for the company. In Chaykins case, the boycott would only last until the early 1990s. In 1988, Chaykin created perhaps his most controversial title: Black Kiss, a 12-issue series published by Vortex Comics which contained his most explicit depictions of sex and violence yet. Telling the story of sex-obsessed vampires in Hollywood, Black Kiss pushed the boundaries of what could be shown in mainstream comics. This was another radical revamp of DC charactersthis time, DCs science fiction heroes from the 1950s and 1960s, such as Tommy Tomorrow and Space Cabby. He collaborated twice with artist Mike Mignola. This was followed with the Ironwolf: Fires of the Revolution graphic novel in 1992.  Chaykin then co-created/designed Firearm for Malibu Comics in 1993. This was followed by the four-issue miniseries Power and Glory in 1994, a superhero-themed PR satire for Malibu Comics' creator-owned Bravura imprint. In 1996, DCs Helix imprint published Cyberella, a cyberpunk dystopia written by Chaykin and drawn by Don Cameron. Chaykin began to drift out of comics by the mid-1990s. With the exception of several Elseworlds stories he wrote for DC Comics, including Batman: Dark Allegiances which he wrote and drew in 1996, his comic output became minimal as he became more involved in film and television work. He was executive script consultant for The Flash television series on CBS,  and later worked on action-adventure programs such as Viper, Earth: Final Conflict and Mutant X. Near the end of the decade, Chaykin started to drift back into comics and co-wrote with David Tischman the three-issue mini-series Pulp Fantastic for the Vertigo imprint of DC, with art by Rick Burchett. 2000s Chaykin's cover for American Century #1 (May 2001). Chaykin began co-writing American Century with David Tischmann for Vertigo.  This story, set in post-war America, would be a pulp-adventure strip inspired by the likes of Terry and the Pirates as well as the EC Comics war stories created by Harvey Kurtzman. That year, Chaykin became part of the creative team on Mutant X, a television series inspired by the Marvel Comics series of mutant titles.  This was acclaimed as a return to the type of work he did on American Flagg! And contained his first art in a title since the early 1990s. That year, Chaykin and Tischmann revamped Challengers of the Unknown in a six-issue mini-series for DC, as well as writing a mini-series about gangster vampires called Bite Club for Vertigo.  The pair wrote Barnum! In Secret Service to the USA, a graphic novel in which real-life showman P. Barnum comes to the aid of the U. In 2005, Chaykin produced the six-part City of Tomorrow, a DC/Wildstorm production involving a futuristic city populated by gangster robots. Chaykin described the mini-series as The Untouchables meets West World at Epcot.  That same year, he wrote the four-issue mini-series Legend updating the character Hugo Danner for Wildstorm. He illustrated 24 College Ave.
A story serialized online in 54 chapters for ESPN.  Challengers of the Unknown #1 Aug. In 2006, he began working on his first superhero title for DC Comics, pencilling Hawkgirl, with Walter Simonson writing, starting with issue #50.  With issue 56, he stopped drawing the series, mainly to get time to work on Marvels Blade with Marc Guggenheim, although he continued to draw Hawkgirl covers for a few issues. Also in 2006, DC Comics published a two-page Black Canary origin story drawn by Chaykin for the series 52.
3 #5661, Punisher War Journal vol. 2 (#1624) and an issue of Immortal Iron Fist.Chaykin illustrated the 2008 Marvel MAX comic War Is Hell: The First Flight of the Phantom Eagle, scripted by Garth Ennis. He wrote Supreme Power #112 for Marvel. In 2009, he wrote and penciled Dominic Fortune. 2010s In 2010 he wrote Die Hard: Year One, a comic about John McClane from the Die Hard series for Boom!
 Marvel in June 2010 published a Rawhide Kid miniseries drawn by Chaykin and written by Ron Zimmerman.  Chaykin wrote and drew the Avengers 1959 five-issue miniseries, a spinoff of a storyline introduced in The New Avengers.
 The marriage ended in 1977 and the following year he married Leslie Zahler.  That marriage in turn ended in 1986, and in 1989 Chaykin married Jeni Munn, a union that lasted through 1992.  As of 2013, Chaykin serves on the Disbursement Committee of the comic-book industry charity The Hero Initiative.  Bibliography His work as an artist (interior pencil art, except where noted) includes: Chaykin in 2012 DC Adventure Comics (Shining Knight) #438 (1975)American Century #127 (co-writer, 20012003)Barnum! 2, (Killraven) #18 (along with Neal Adams), 19 (1973)Avengers 1959, miniseries, #1- (2011)Blade #18 (200607)Captain America #600, 616 (among other artists) (200911)Captain America Theater of War: America First!
(2009)Chamber of Chills #4 (1973)Conan the Barbarian #7983 (197778)Hulk! (Dominic Fortune) #2125 (198081)The Immortal Iron Fist Annual #1 (among other artists) (2007)Iron Man, vol. 5, (Tony Stark) #503 (2011)James Bond for Your Eyes Only #2 (1981)Kull and the Barbarians (Red Sonja) #23 (1975)Magneto #1 (2010)Marvel Comics Super Special #9, 19 (197881)Marvel Preview (Dominic Fortune) #20 (1980)Marvel Spotlight (Nick Fury) #31 (1976)Marvel Team-Up (Spider-Man) #7677 (1978)New Avengers #21 (2007)New Avengers, vol.2, #9-on (with Mike Deodato, doing "Avengers 1959" flashbacks) (2011)Punisher War Journal, vol. 2, #1625 (200809)Star Wars #110 (19771978)X-Men vs. Vampires, miniseries, #2 (2010) Other publishers American Flagg! #112, 1426 (writer/artist); #13, 2729 (writer) (First, 198386)Black Kiss #112 (writer/artist) (Vortex, 198889)Creepy #64 (Warren, 1974)Power & Glory, miniseries, #14 of 4 (writer/artist) (Malibu/Bravura, 1994)The Scorpion #12 (writer/artist) (Atlas/Seaboard, 1975)StarReach #1, 45 (197476) (StarReach)Satellite Sam #1- (2013) (Image Comics) Television The Flash -Ep. 3: "Watching the Detectives" (co-written with John Francis Moore) -Ep.
4: "Honor Among Thieves" (plotted with Moore, teleplay by Danny Bilson and Paul De Meo) -Ep. 7:"Child's Play" (teleplay co-written with Moore, plot by Stephen Hattman and Gail Morgan Hickman) -Ep. 8: "Shroud of Death" (plotted with Moore, teleplay by Michael Reaves) -Ep. 9: "Ghost in the Machine" (co-written with Moore) -Ep.12: "The Trickster" (co-written with Moore) -Ep. 16: "Deadly Nightshade" (co-written with Moore) -Ep. 19: "Done with Mirrors" (co-written with Moore) -Ep. "The Trail of the Trickster" (co-written with Moore) Mutant X Season One -Ep.
- Country of Manufacture: Israel
- Country/Region of Manufacture: Israel
- Issue Number: NUMBER 1 VOLUME 1
- Main Character: STAR WARS
- Grade: very good condition
- Year: 1977-1986
- Publication Date: 1977-1986
- Publisher: LUKASFILM